Performance Data and Geometry

Pattern and VSWR

27 MHz version YBN 27-6n

With Ground Gain

Stacking

**YBN 28-6n with straight split Dipole**

Digi Modes + SSB band 28.2 to 28.6 MHz

On 28 MHz we should less look for gain but very clean directivity, because
if the band is open successful DX more or less comes down to fade out unwanted signals. If we can easily produce a signal that
enables us to ping our own echo when twice (!) around the globe with less than 100 watts of output, we may pass on 0.5 dB gain.
And when band is closed that little bit would not help at all.

The patterns scattering factor (dt.: Streufaktor) as ratio of all rear and side lobes against the beam lobe is what we should look for in first place.

Design date of issue: 2020.08.20

**YBN 27-6n = 27.5 MHz version built by PU2TDY.** His qrz: 3at282

**YBN 27-6n = 27.5 MHz version built by EA1IF.**
Javier, EA1IF reports: *"I have been using your YBN 27-6n design for 27MHz version 27.6 for two months with spectacular results.(...)
its design works very, very well, it has a spectacular ear and where I aim, it is safe DX, also the front back is also impressive on the side, it is a true directional antenna.
I have tested Optibeam antennas before deciding to build my own antennas, have tried the OB11-3 and the OB16-3 I can only say that they behave very well in general but the
28MHz band the 5 elements of the OB11-3 works as an optimized 3 elements and the 8 elements of the OB16-3 as a 5 elements, disappointing ..."*

Dipole bracket (IZ1RFT):

**YBN 28-6n but by IZ1RFT**

Size of bracket plates

Dipole: 230 x 42 x 20

Elements: 150 x 42 x 20

Matteo reports from pretest only 1 m above flat roof:

"*Also today I have connected with 200 watt power of the icom 7700, stations from South America and
do not believe that I have 1 meter antenna from the roof. I can't wait for it to be on the tower ...*"

**Current distribution**

**Performance Data (28.4 MHz, 16 mm el.)**

Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 11.0 dBi
Gain vs. Dipole 8.9 dBD
-3 dB E-plane 50.4 deg.
-3 dB H-plane 63.0 deg.
F/B -21.2 dB
F/R -15.9 dB
Impedance 50 ohms
Mechan. Length 9598 mm
Electr. Length 0.91 λ
Stacking Dist. h-pol. (28.3 MHz)
top-to-bottom 10.1 m or 33.1 ft
side-by-side 12.4 m or 40.7 ft

**Geometry**

For building on a 40-50 mm boom, 16 mm elements insulated with hydraulic clamps like from co. Stauff:

**Center of Gravity**

Mount at around 4500 mm from rear (incl rear and front offset of 140 mm each); 28 MHz version.

**How many pageviews did this design get since late Sept. 2020?**

**Pattern and VSWR Plots**

Elevation and Azimuth plot at 28.2 MHz

SWR and Return Loss plots - simulated with 4nec2
3D pattern

**27 MHz version YBN 27-6n**

Geometry, 16 mm elements, centered to 27.45 MHz for building on a 40-50 mm boom,

16 mm elements insulated with hydraulic clamps like from co. Stauff:

27.6 MHz version for building on a 40-50 mm boom, 16 mm elements insulated with hydraulic clamps like from co. Stauff:

**Pattern and VSWR Plots**

Elevation and Azimuth plot at 28.2 MHz

SWR and Return Loss plots - simulated with 4nec2
3D pattern

**Radiation pattern with Ground Gain**

At 12 m above perfect ground
At 12 m above perfect ground
Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 16.65 dBi at 12 deg.
Gain vs. Dipole 14.50 dBD
F/B -20.6 dB at 169 deg.

At 14 m above perfect ground
Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 16.71 dBi at 8 deg.
Gain vs. Dipole 14.56 dBD
F/B -22.7 dB at 170 deg.

At 17 m above perfect ground
Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 16.88 dBi at 9 deg.
Gain vs. Dipole 14.73 dBD
F/B -20.6 dB at 171 deg.

At 24 m above perfect ground
Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 16.91 dBi at 6 deg.
Gain vs. Dipole 14.76 dBD
F/B -21.6 dB at 174 deg.

**At 24 m above real ground:**

For real ground in EZNEC we have to parametrize

soil condictivity in Siemens (S/m) and Dielectrical Constant.

Siemens (S) = 1 / Ω

It is clear that we seldom will have absolutely fitting values at hand

for the soil in mind to use for the simulation.

Nevertheless here is a simulation with whats predeclared in EZNEC

and a second on with half the conductivity for briefly assumed quite dry soil.

Desc. predeclared 'Dry'
Cond. (S/m) 0.005 0.002
Diel. Const (/) 13 10

Real Ground : Predeclared Type

Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 16.67 dBi at 6 deg.
Gain vs. Dipole 14.52 dBD
F/B -21.5 dB at 174 deg.

Real Ground : Dryer Type

Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 16.63 dBi at 6 deg.
Gain vs. Dipole 14.48 dBD
F/B -21.5 dB at 174 deg.

**Stacking**

**Elevation plot and data of 6 over 6 array at 10.1 m stacking distance**

Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 13.97 dBi
Gain vs. Dipole 11.82 dBD
F/B -24.7 dB

**Elevation plot and data of 6 over 6 array at 10.1 m stacking distance:**

Lower Yagi 12 m, upper Yagi 22.1 m above perfect gnd

Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 18.9 dBi at 8 deg.
F/B -23.3 dB at 172 deg.

**Elevation plot and data of 6 over 6 array at 6 m stacking distance:**

Lower Yagi 18 m, upper Yagi 24 m above perfect gnd

Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 18.8 dBi at 7 deg.
F/B -21.3 dB at 173 deg.

73, Hartmut, DG7YBN