DG7YBN / 432 MHz / GTV 70-14m
  Last Update Sept. 13th 2018


Performance Data and Geometry
Pattern and VSWR

GTV 70-14m Yagi   with bent Driven Element

EME + SSB band, with some loss usable for FM up to 435 MHz

This Yagi has very low back lobes for its length. It may serve as single antenna for Tropo or even a very compact EME bay.
It also makes a quiet contest antenna due to its high F/B. The bent DE (K6STI style) transforms from approx. 17 ohms to 50 ohms at feed point. Date of issue of design: 2013.01.31

There is a new drawing available showing the unique 'Blade DE' as introduced in Dubus 4/2014,
see Download Area.
For making of a 'Blade Dipole' see here

Current distribution

GTV 70-14m as v-plane in a GTV70-25m built by ZS6JON

However extensive testing needs to be done on a 70 cm Cross Yagi like this before
we can say it is a good solution ... Return Loss both planes look alright and do
not affect each other but now real RX and TX performance must be tested and judged.
I will report here or scrap this as an xpol design if no good.

and Return Loss and VSWR plotted with calibrated coax on an Anritsu MS2000 VNA

GTV 70-14m built by G3LGR

Mike reports: "The antenna is working perfectly and providing a good 2 dB gain over my previous 11ele LFA.
In addition, it is significantly quieter at this location and allows me to see some 3 S points of sun noise on my IC910H."

Some details: He uses a standard SSB 70cm preamp with a noise figure of 0.8 dB. Symmetrising is done through a Pawsey stub
here with VSWR 1.1 or less. The Yagi is built on 20 x 20 mm boom with 8 mm elements on boom with insulators and M3 screws
as sold by 7arrays , Konni, Nuxcom, WiMo.

Stations worked by Mike, G3LGR so far with 80 W and this single GTV 70-14:

The Blade Dipole GTV Yagi arrives Stateside: AE7OV's 4 x GTV 70-14m:

GTV 70-14m built by Gary, AE7OV using the Imperial Measure Table below,
3/4 λ symmetrising line from LMR 400 (405 mm to N-flange), Blade Dipole
as per drawing in Download section.

AE7OV's array setup in yard, 4 x GTV 70-14m, home made splitter, feed with LMR 400 and Az./Elev. rotor combination
He did first EME QSOs with nothing but an FT-847 (50 W out) and DEMI kit LNA only now.

Performance Data

Specs: with 8 mm elements @ 432.1 MHz

Gain vs. isotr. Rad.  16.4 dBi
Gain vs. Dipole       14.2 dBD
-3 dB E-plane         29.2 deg.
-3 dB H-plane         30.8 deg.
F/B                  -32.4 dB
F/R                  -26.9 dB
Impedance               50 ohms
Mechan. Length        2820 mm
Electr. Length        4.06 λ

Stacking Dist. h-pol.
top-to-bottom         1.31 m
side-by-side          1.38 m

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Metrical Measures

EZNEC Wires for 8 mm Elements

"Ready to saw and drill" data for mounting 8 mm elements on a 20 x 20 mm boom with standard insulators including BC according DG7YBN

Dipole: 10 mm, SBC 1.65 mm, Auto Segmentation: 1050 MHz

Imperial Measures

   <=   NEC Geometry 3/16" = 4.735 mm ele. insulated through boom (BC must be added)

Building data derived employing SM5BSZ BC.exe formulas with Imperial Measures Material and elements mounted insulated through boom:
Boom 1x1 in, ele. 3/16 in, plastic hole plugs - outer diam. 0.24 in, length along element 7.9 mm

"Ready to saw and drill" data for mounting elements through boom with BC according SM5BSZ's BC.exe:
Note: with through Boom BC it is important to stick to the boom end offsets given below!

This table is only valid for:
Boom shape: square
Boom dim: 1 x 1 in
Wall thickn.: 1.5 mm
Holes in boom: 6.1 mm
Offset rear: 30 mm
Offset front: 30 mm

Note: This includes a "Segmentation Density Correction" (SBC) of 1.37 mm derived from f_seg(1050 MHz) = 432.2 MHz vs f_seg(432 MHz)
= 433.7 MHz plus an offset of 0.79 mm total to cover both plastic plugs influence. The total offset is 2.16 mm then.

Note: Other insulators will need other offset, with their length being probably the most important parameter for this.
Thus I advise to cut other plastic insulators to 7 mm each to match at least the length of the pilot insulators.

The Drivers diameter is 10 mm for all examples.
Use EZNEC's Auto-Segmentation at 1050 MHz.

N-flange-bushing and an aluminium plate and ferrite added as close as possible to the DE, see below.

Sketch of Bent Dipole

Pattern and VSWR Plots

Elevation and Azimuth plot at 432.1 MHz


SWR and Return Loss plots - simulated with 4nec2


Elem. 8 mm: EZNEC file of this Yagi  

Elem. 3/16 in: EZNEC file of this Yagi  

Drawing of this Yagis 'Blade' Dipole in 2 mm aluminium sheet metal  

Sketch of Blade DE on Boom

a = 30; b = 104.5; c = 48.5; d = 93 mm


As on the 432 MHz Band the Y-factor = T_earth / T_sky is that high I see little chances in
bettering an array's RX performance by using "Over Stacking" distances. However, depending
the level of local QRM it might be worthwhile to try less distance, especially in H-plane.

Stacking Dist.    DL6WU Formula
H-plane               1.38 m
E-plane               1.31 m

Elevation plot and data of 4 Yagi bay using DL6WU stacking distances

Gain vs. isotr. Rad.  22.3 dBi
Gain vs. Dipole       20.2 dBD
-3 dB H-plane         13.2 deg.
-3 dB E-plane         14.0 deg.
F/B                  -32.6 dB
F/R                  -27.4 dB
T_ant                 30.7 K*
G/T                   7.42 dB*
Theoretical numbers, no phasing line losses
nor imperfections caused by H-frame included
*) T_sky = 20 K, T_earth = 350 K as in VE7BQH G/T table

Symmetrising 50 to 50 ohms Feedline to 432 MHz Bent DE

The principle is similar to the 1/4 Lambda coax. Adding 2 x 1/4 Lambda or a half wave line does not change anything but allows
to form a gentle bow below the boom or until behind the Reflector. Follow practical construction hints on "Building a Yagi" page.

  Attenzione!     Take care when lengthening the coax, measure the right length instead of refering to given v-factors only.
                                      A good choice may be the diam. 5 mm PTFE coax RG-142 B/U: real resonate length (432.2 Mhz as 3/4 Lambda) shield-shield is around 348 mm

  Find more information on Phasing & Matching Lines page

73, Hartmut, DG7YBN

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