DG7YBN / 432 MHz / GTV 70-8n
  Last Update May 28th 2019


Performance Data and Geometry
Pattern and VSWR
Download as File
Diamond Stagger Stacking Crossover

GTV 70-8n Yagi   with bent Driven Element

EME + SSB narrow bandwidth version ... strictly G/T breeding

This Yagi has very low back lobes for its length. It may serve as single antenna for portable
use and certainly make a useful 4 x vertical stack. It makes a quiet contest antenna due to its
high F/B. The bent DE (K6STI style) transforms from approx. 17 ohms to 50 ohms at feed point.

The GTV 70-8n is EME tested

GTV 70-8n built by Kazuo, 7L1TIG, see his website for details

VSWR plot: Note - 7L1TIG scaled this Yagi to 430 MHz for use in JA FM band

Images: with kind permission of Kazuo, 7L1TIG

GTV 70-8n built by Maxime, F4FEY


And VSWR (ROS) plotted on his AAI Vector Impedance Analyzer N1201SA

Images: on courtesy of Maxime, F4FEY

GTV 70-8n built and tested as EME proof in ARI contest by Thomas, M0ABA


This yagi is built on a 5-8 inch boom with 4 mm elements using 7arrays through boom insulators.

And now here is screen shot of using the GTV 70-8n for all the smart critics that say 'ah ... thats just tropo':
NC1I (which is based stateside guys) received B-14 dB by MX0CNS (thats now in Europe guys).

And a WSJT screenshot by Thomas listening to QSO DL7APV - IK0IXO:
he reports very little noise (hence Low Noise Yagi ...), see the clean SpecJT screen. Mind this is EME
signal reception with a single small Yagi in daytime, with an ordinary preamp only.

Current distribution

3D Pattern

Performance Data

Specs: with 4 mm elements @ 432.1 MHz

Gain vs. isotr. Rad.  13.6 dBi (13.62 dBi with 8 mm ele.)
Gain vs. Dipole       11.5 dBD
-3 dB E-plane         38.8 deg.
-3 dB H-plane         44.0 deg.
F/B                  -24.9 dB
F/R                  -27.9 dB
Impedance               50 ohms
Mechan. Length        1334 mm incl. 2 x 30 mm stand off
Electr. Length        1.84 λ

Stacking dist. h-pol.
top-to-bottom         0.93 m or 3.04 ft
side-by-side          1.04 m or 3.43 ft

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Table 1: GTV 70-8n, 8 mm elements on boom:

Dimensions using on-boom holders and BC acc. DG7YBN

            Refl      DE      D1      D2      D3      D4      D5      D6
Pos.           0      92     154.5   289     504     768    1034    1274     
Ele.       330.3  (301.6)  306.4   298.7   288.8   280.8   274.4   263.3  <= ex. SBC and BC
Diam.          8      10       8       8       8       8       8       8

Total BC is SBC = 1.28 mm plus one of the following BC numbers
Standard Holders* 15 mm:  4.8 mm  (*) as sold by Konni, WiMo, Nuxcom, (7arrays 20 mm)
Standard Holders  20 mm:  7.5 mm
Standard Holders  25 mm: 11.5 mm
7arrays Holders   25 mm:  7.1 mm


Table 2: GTV 70-8n, 4 mm elements through boom:

"Ready to saw and drill" data for mounting elements through boom with BC according SM5BSZ's BC.exe:
Note: with through Boom BC it is important to stick to the boom end offsets given below!

Metric Boom 20 x 20 x 2 mm

Boom shape: square
Boom dim: 20 x 20 mm
Wall thickn.: 2.0 mm
Holes in boom: 6.0 mm
Offset rear: 300 mm
Offset front: 40 mm

Note: with through Boom BC it is important to stick to the boom end offsets given below!

With 300 mm offset on rear boom end for effective formast mounting

Imperial Boom 5-8"

Boom shape: square
Boom dim: 5/8 x 5/8 inch
Wall thickn.: 1.6 mm
Holes in boom: 6.0 mm
Offset rear: 300 mm
Offset front: 40 mm

Note: All the above include a "Segmentation Density Correction" (SBC) of 1.28 mm plus an offset of 0.70 mm per element = 1.98 mm
for compensation of the insulators (7arrays.com ) as shown above in combination with SM5BSZ'S BC.exe values.

Note: with through Boom BC it is important to stick to the boom end offsets given below!

Read abt. the SBC here .

Same with 300 mm offset on rear boom end for effective formast mounting

In the download section you find a CSV file for the Yagi Element Configuration Tool of this Yagi with 4 mm elements
with you can use for own adaptions to variations of boom dimensions etc.

For making of a 'Blade Dipole' which I recommend for elements through boom builds

Sketch of Bent Dipole

Radiation Pattern and VSWR Plots

Elevation and Azimuth plot at 432.1 MHz (4 mm ele.)


SWR and Return Loss plots - simulated with 4nec2
(I have settled the best Retrun Loss a bit higher for giving headroom in wet weather)

Gain, F/B and F/R 431 to 434 MHz


EZNEC file of this Yagi with Ø 4 mm ele.  

EZNEC file of a 4 Yagi Bay with Ø 4 mm ele.  

EZNEC file of this Yagi with Ø 8 mm ele.  

CSV file of this Yagi with Ø 4 mm ele. for the BC-Excel


As on 432 MHz the Y-factor = T_earth / T_sky is so high, I see little chances to
improve an array's RX performance by using "Over Stacking" distances. However, depending on
the level of local QRM it might be worthwhile to try a decreased distance, especially in the H-plane.

Stacking Dist.    DL6WU Formula
H-plane               1.04 m
E-plane               0.93 m

A 4 Yagi bay

Elev. Plot

Az. Plot

Gain vs. isotr. Rad.  19.53 dBi
Gain vs. Dipole       17.38 dBD
-3 dB H-plane, appr.  17.4 deg.
-3 dB E-plane, appr.  19.8 deg.
F/B                  -28.9 dB
F/R                  -26.0 dB
T_ant                 41.9 K
G/T                   3.30 dB

3D pattern plot with 4nec2's 3D viewer

A Crossover between Diamond and Stagger Stacking

This stacking scheme is performed at stacking at DL6WU Distances plus 40 Percent
for both E and H plane.

Due to the larger stacking distances and hence a larger effective Aperture Area Diamond Stacking results in higher gain
at more modest side lobes with same Aperture Area used with the classical stacking scheme. However the rear lobes
grow as gain grows. I added Stagger Stacking as a proven tool to reduce the amount of rear lobes for arrays
formed of small Yagis.

Note that the mid pair of Yagis must be feed with a phase lag of 90 degrees by using
feedlines that are 0.25 wave length longer than the ones for the upper and lower Yagi.

Stacking Dist.    DL6WU Formula x 1.40
H-plane               1.46 m
E-plane               1.30 m
mid Yagis in x        171 mm

Find a link to more information about Stagger Stacking down the page.

  Attenzione! Viewing and judging Patterns of Diamond Stacks by Azimuth and Elevation Plots leads to wrong conclusions according their amount of front-, side- and rear lobes suppression. As the Diamond Stackings wave interference pattern runs the most characteristic lobes by a 45 degree shift to the ordinary stacking scheme. So they do not show in the ordinary Azimuth and Elevation plots. Which is the reason why many rumors about the marvels of Diamond Stacking are to be heared. Hence I show a 3D plot here.

The above is the reason why I implemented Stagger Stacking into the Diamond Stacking, as that usually
decreases rear lobes by a signifcant amount. And so it does in practise here.

Antenna Temperature and G/T produced with beta version of AGTC by F5FOD

The AGTC (Antenna G/T Calculator) is a shared development of F5FOD and myself, DG7YBN, that will be available
with full open source code. Background of the AGTC is scheduled to be published in Dubus 1/2017

Antenna Temperature and G/T produced with TANT

Read more about Stagger Stacking and feeding such arrays here

Symmetrising 50 to 50 ohms feedline to 432 MHz Bent DE

The principle is similar to the 1/4 Lambda coax. Adding 2 x 1/4 Lambda or a half wave line does not change anything but allows
to form a gentle bow below the boom or until behind the Reflector. Follow practical construction hints on "Building a Yagi" page.


  Attenzione!     Take care when lengthening the coax, measure the actual electrical length instead of considering v-factors specified in a catalogue only.
                                      A good choice may be the diam. 5 mm PTFE coax RG-142 B/U: real resonate length (432.2 MHz as 3/4 Lambda) shield-shield is around 348 mm

  Find more information on Phasing & Matching Lines page

73, Hartmut, DG7YBN

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