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 YBN 3+7 SAT
A Satellite Yagi with 3 ele. for 145 MHz + 7 ele. for 435 MHz for handheld use
Elevation Plots
 YBN 22w
A 50 ohms direct feed 2 ele. Yagi with high potential
as broad beam Contest Stack. See yourself and compare to DJ9HO Double Quads and 7ZB Oblongs. Full details on 2 and 4 Yagi
stacks are given 3D Pattern of 4 x Stack
 YBN 25m (58)
1.6 m high F/R, good willing 50 ohms
direct feed Yagi as introduced with bent DE short version of the 58 in Dubus 4/2012 Elevation Plot
 YBN 26m
1.9 m long, good willing 50 ohms
direct feed Yagi, related to the 58 project (same positions refl, dipole, D1, D2 ... same size folded dipole) Elevation Plot
 YBN 27m
2.8 m high F/R, good willing 50 ohms
direct feed Yagi, related to the 58 project (same positions refl, dipole, D1, D2 ... same size folded dipole) Elevation Plot
 YBN 28m (58)
3.6 m nice G/T, good willing 50 ohms
direct feed Yagi as introduced with bent DE expanded version of the 58 in Dubus 4/2012
Actually it seems to be so good that DK7ZB decided to use it as draft for the 8 ele. OWM he just published.
Elevation Plot
 YBN 28mz
3.6 m 25/28 ohms version of the YBN 28m
The stacked 25 ohms Yagi can easily be phased with 50 ohms coax cables
Elevation Plot
 YBN 29m
4.5 m moderate band width, low Antenna Temperature, good willing 50 ohms
direct feed Yagi  a straigh DE version twin to the GTV 29m
Elevation Plot
 YBN 210w (58)
5 m wide band, good willing 50 ohms
direct feed Yagi as introduced with straight DE expanded version of the 58 in Dubus 4/2012
Elevation Plot
 GTV 26m
2.4 m moderate band width version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 GTV 27w
2.7 m wide band width version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 GTV 27n
3.1 m narrow band, max. G/T version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 GTV 28w
3.7 m wideband, still good G/T and nice F/B version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 GTV 28n
3.8 m narrow band, max. G/T version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 GTV 29n
4.3 m narrow band, balanced between low Antenna Temp. and G/T version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 GTV 29m
4.5 m moderate band width, low Antenna Temp. version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 YBN 210w 12.5 Ω
5.1 m  144.0 to 144.8 MHz wide band 12 ohms OWLstyle
Low Noise Yagi with straight DE and very low back lobes only Elevation Plot
 GTV 210LT
5.1 m moderate band width, lowest Antenna Temp. version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 GTV 211LT
6.0 m moderate band width, lowest Antenna Temp. version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 YBN 212w 12.5 Ω
6.8 m wide band 12 ohms OWLstyle
Low Noise Yagi with straight DE and very low back lobes only Azimuth Plot:
 GTV 212m mk2
Improved 6.8 m version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot:
 GTV 212n
6.8 m narrow band version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot:
 GTV 214w
8.4 m version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 GTV 216w
10 m version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 GTV 218w
11.7 m version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot
 GTV 219m
12.4 m version of the low impedance, yet 50 ohms
direct feed Low Noise Yagi with bent DE introduced in Dubus 1/2013 Elevation Plot

....... 
Performance Data and Geometry
Sketch of Boom
Pattern and VSWR
Crossyagi  xpol configuration
FM Version with Folded Dipole new
Download as File
Stacking
YBN 28m Yagi with Conventional Driver (Split or Folded Dipole)
This little Yagi has a high F/B, which makes it quite useful as a contest stack.
The 8 elem. YBN 28m version is the prolonged 5 ele. YBN 25m. It uses same Driver Cell elements and dipole.
Thus one can swap between various setups like 5 over 5 to 4 x 8 elem. or to 4 x 5 ele. vertically very easily.
Just as time, place and WX conditions demand. Read the full text in Dubus magazine issue 4/2012.
The YBN 210w is the final stage of expansion from YBN 25m > YBN 28m > YBN 210w with same Driver Cell.
Current distribution
References please?
The YBN 58 seems to have become quite popular to reference other Yagis or serve as base for own design modifications.
We see DK7ZB modifying it to 28 ohms (8El.2mOWMYagi) by just changing elements in driver cell and G4CQM compare it to his CQM8C4 design.
Just keep in mind that I wanted the 58 to be a very uncritical conventional design and ever planed it to be part of the expandable 58 concept.
Which means that the 5 ele. can be expanded to this 8 ele. without modifications to the driver cell and reusing as many elements as possible
Hence it is limited to the needs of that concept, yet capable to be a serious player in the G/T table. The fact that other designers love to
refer to it shows its abilities. A pair of vertical stacks of YBN 28 helped 7S7V to a win in the 6 h class of the 2017 Marconi Memorial Contest.
4 x vertical stack of YBN 28m at OK4C in 2022 IARU Region 1 ctest
Zdenek, OK1DSZ on behalf of the team of OK4C reports:
"The stack, installed on a 15 m tower, was first used this past weekend in the VHF contest.
We took part as OK4C from one of the best locations in the country, Klinovec hill, close the OK/DL
border north of Carlsbad, JO60LJ, 1244 m asl. This stack was most of the time used to cover
the JO31/ON/PA/G area, and it worked wery well. In total we made 1009 qsos, 366kpoints."
On right photo ... full antenna setup: 4 x 8 el.,4 x 7 el., 2 x 11 el., 2 x 10 el., 18 el.,11 el.
Link to OK4C website for more details and video.
3 x vertical stack of YBN 28m at 7S7V in 2021 IARU Region 1 ctest
YBN 28m with straight dipole by AntennasAmplifiers at VSWR test by Samir, 7S7V
7S7V : Winner of Marconi Memorial Contest 2017  Single OP, 6 hours
Contest Station 7S7V from Malmö using 2 x 2 vert. YBN 28m with Folded Dipole
in MMC 2017: Congrats Samir! Click on Images to enlarge
This Yagi is built on 20 x 20 mm boom, ready made folded dipole by Co. WiMo, 5 mm elem. on SM7DTT insulators, s. here
DX Report by F4EZJ, Stef
During the 21.25.Oct. 2018 TropoOpening and Perseids Stef placed a vertical stack of 2 x YBN 28m set up into his garden.
Feeding 500 W he did very nice QSOs:
Top SSB OSOs TropoOpening 21.25.Oct. 2018
DH8BQA JO73CE 1322 km
EI9KP IO54MB 1164 km
GM4PPT IO75SK 1161 km
EI3GYB IO53OT 1136 km
plus a number of QSOs in FT8 > 1300 km
Top OSOs Perseids 2018
EA8TX IL18QI 2412 km
SM5DWF JP90JA 2029 km
LY2FN KO14XV 1972 km
YL2AO KO16DK 1952 km
F4EZJ/p, Stef used 2 single and a 2 x vertical stack of YBN 28m's and along 4 x vertical 5 ele. LFA
in Championat de France THF 2016 contest: and finished "with 355 QSOs ... antennas doing excellent!!!"
Contest Station 7S7V from Malmö using 3 x vert. YBN 28m with Folded Dipole
in MMC 2016: Click Images to enlarge
DG7YBN/p Functional Check: Two hours Hoher Meissner & VHF Region 1 ctest
Does this design perform?
YBN 28m, FT736R, 15 m RG213, 680 m ASL in SSB
Saturday afternoon in IARU VHF 2013, in nill cndx
IK1WVQ 769 km Troposcatter, across the
IK3UNA/P1 725 km Alps with 25 W only
G8T 626 km ... Avg. QRB 490 km, 15 QSOs


Performance Data
Elem. 4 mm Elem. 5 mm Elem. 8 mm
Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 13.0/13.1 dBi 13.1 dBi 13.1 dBi
Gain vs. Dipole 10.8/10.9 dBD 10.9 dBD 10.9 dBD
3 dB Eplane 42.0 deg. 41.8 deg. 41.8 deg.
3 dB Hplane 48.0 deg. 47.8 deg. 47.2 deg.
F/B 28.5 dB 29.4 dB 29.0 dB
F/R 19.9 dB 19.7 dB 19.8 dB
Impedance 50/200 ohms = =
Mechan. Length 3485 mm = =
Electr. Length 1.68 λ = =
Stacking Dist. hpol.
toptobottom 2.59 m
sidebyside 2.94 m
Geometry
INSULATED THROUGH BOOM THIN ELEMENTS (BC acc. 6WU)
Pos. 1/2 Length BC 20 mm BC 20 mm BC 25 mm BC 1"
in NEC = 2.2 = 2.2 = 3.4 = 3.5
Refl. 0 514.5 1033.2 1031.2 1032.4 10xx.x
DE 283 496.0 994.2 994.2 995.4 9xx.x
D1 403 480.0 966.2 962.2 963.4 9xx.x
D2 822 471.0 949.2 944.2 945.4 9xx.x
D3 1440 460.5 927.2 923.2 924.4 9xx.x
D4 2130 450.0 907.2 902.2 903.4 8xx.x
D5 2850 448.5 905.2 899.2 900.4 8xx.x
D6 3485 433.5 875.2 869.2 870.4 8xx.x
ele.5 mm ele. 4 mm ele. 5 mm ele. 5 mm ele. 1/4"
Use WiMo made spare Folded Dipole for their YU7EF line EF0208c
or selfmade one with modified D1 as follows:
Note: for elements 4 mm D1 is of differing length for 5 and 8 ele. Yagi when using a folded DE
ele. 4 mm, Pos. 403 mm NEC => 480.5, 20x20 => 963.2, 25x25 => 964.4 mm, 1"x1"=> 96x.x
ele. 5 mm, Pos. 402 mm NEC => 481.0, 20x20 => 964.2, 25x25 => 965.4 mm, 1"x1"=> 96x.x
ON BOOM ELEMENTS (standard ins.) SM7DTT ins.
Pos. 1/2 Length BC 20x20 BC 25x25 BC 1"x1" BC 20x20
in NEC = 3.9 = 7.6 = 7.9 = 3.0
Refl. 0 514.5 1032.9 1036.6 1034.9 1032.0
DE 283 496.0 995.9 999.6 999.9 990 Folded
D1 403 475.0 953.9 957.6 954.3 967.0
D2 822 466.0 935.9 939.6 935.9 945.0
D3 1440 454.5 912.9 916.6 912.9 924.0
D4 2130 443.0 889.9 893.6 889.9 903.0
D5 2850 439.0 881.9 885.6 881.9 900.0
D6 3485 423.8 851.5 855.2 851.5 870.0
ele. 8 mm ele. 8 mm ele. 8 mm ele. 3/8" ele. 5 mm
Element lengths corrected 20130326
Note: element lengths for Ø 8 mm fit 5/16" too
Use WiMo made Folded Dipole (spare from YU7EF line EF0208c)
or selfmade one with modified D1 as follows:
NEC => 477.0, 20x20 => 957.9, 25x25 => 961.6 mm, 1"x1"=> 961.9
Folded DE tiptotip = 990, inner height = 54, diam. = 10
                               
The Driver Dipoles diameter is 10 mm for all examples.
Use EZNEC's AutoSegmentation at 144.1 MHz for RL and SWR plots
Use EZNEC's AutoSegmentation at 350 MHz and correct elem. lengths
by 2.4 mm to produce radiation plots
Sketch of Folded Dipole
This Yagi with 10 mm elements on a 20 x 20 mm boom with standard insulators


Ele. 10.0 mm
DE 10 mm
Boom 20 x 20 mm

"Ready to saw and drill" data for mounting elements on boom with BC according DG7YBN for standard insulators as sold by Konni, Nuxcom, WiMo, 7arrays:
Includes an SBC of 0.0 mm
Here is a very helpful overview on the stages of the YBN 5 5 / 8 / 10 ele. project provided by Stef, F4EZJ
It shows what elements are shared and different at what positions on the boom for the various combinations
Note: Lengths given fit elements mounted on a 20 x 20 mm boom with 'standard insulators' and M3 screw
Sketch of Boom
F4EZJ, Stef, building a 4 Yagi Bay of YBN 28
→ Place mouse over images to enlarge



Four YBN 25 basic Yagis lined up ...


Four extended YBN 25 => YBN 28

Stef builds on 20 x 20 mm boom using 8 mm elements mounted semiinsulated
on boom with standard insulators and M3 screws



2 x YBN 28 and YBN 210


and YBN 210 with strut

External link to Stef's 'Onedrive' online album with many detailed photos
which includes an ingenious way of producing a split dipoles center part.
Well done and thank you Stef!
Pattern and VSWR Plots
Elevation and Azimuth plot at 144.1 MHz
Return Loss and VSWR plot  Version with Folded Dipole from WiMo EF0208c
miniVNA: 144.30 MHz, Z = 50.2 Ohm, SWR = 1.07, RL = 29 dB
Note: this plot is taken on a build without any post tuning on DE or D1.
Just the "OnBoomBC" added. Use additional Segmentation BC when starting
with the NEC models geometrie or simply take the geometry numbers given above.
YBN 28m xpol
Single YBN 28m xpol: note the modified elements in order to produce a clean and feasible build.
Total length of boom mechanically is 3865 mm which includes 40 mm ends offset at rear and front.
Boom cross section 25 x 25 x 2 mm or 1 x 1" and elements 8 mm are suitable.
EZNEC wires table: offset 24 mm for simulating 8 mm elements mounted on boom.
Offset between dipoles of h and vplane is Position 283 mm to 583 mm = 300 mm
4 bay of YBN 28m xpol at 2.765 m vertical and horizontal stacking distance
3D View on structure using 4nec2
Azimuth Plot of h and vplane radiating
Azimuth and Elevation Plot of vplane
Antenna G/T with AGTC_lite by F5FOD with DG7YBN:
using vertical polarisation only this is 4.52 dB G/T and 19.1 dBi or 17.0 dBD of forward gain.
145.5 MHz FM Version
• with Folded Dipole
• This Yagi with 5 mm elements on a 20 x 20 mm boom with SM7DTT insulators or Stauff clamps


Ele. 5.0 mm
DE 10 mm
Boom 20 x 20 mm

"Ready to saw and drill" data for mounting elements on boom with BC according DG7YBN for higher insulators
such as SM7DTT holders and Stauff hydraulic clamps:
• This Yagi with 8 mm elements on a 20 x 20 mm boom with SM7DTT insulators or Stauff clamps


Ele. 8.0 mm
DE 10 mm
Boom 20 x 20 mm

"Ready to saw and drill" data for mounting elements on boom with BC according DG7YBN for higher insulators
such as SM7DTT holders and Stauff hydraulic clamps:
Note the D1 position and length are preliminary. These are subject to trimming
The Drivers diameter is 10 mm for all examples.
Use Folded Dipole with same dimensions as in sketch above.
The EZNEC model is done with AutoSegmentation at 144 MHz
Elevation Plot 8 mm el.
Azimuth Plot with offset between folded dipole center and element plane = 22 mm
Return Loss and SWR plots  simulated
Downloads
EZNEC file of this Yagi with Straight Split DE
Read more about building this Yagi in my Article "58 ... an extendable 144 MHz Yagi" in Dubus 4/2012
Stacking
Stacking Dist. DL6WU Formula
Hplane 2.59 m
Eplane 2.94 m
Data of 8 over 8 Yagi stack using DL6WU stacking distances
Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 16.0 dBi
Gain vs. Dipole 13.9 dBD
F/B 33.1 dB
F/R 24.8 dB
T_ant 237.7 K*
G/T 7.75 dB*
Theoretical numbers, no phasing line losses
nor imperfections caused by Hframe included
Data of 4 Yagi bay using DL6WU stacking distances
Elevation plot
Gain vs. isotr. Rad. 19.0 dBi
Gain vs. Dipole 16.9 dBD
F/B 34.6 dB
F/R 19.7 dB
T_ant 238.8 K*
G/T 4.79 dB*
Theoretical numbers, no phasing line losses
nor imperfections caused by Hframe included
*) T_sky = 200 K, T_earth = 1000 K as in VE7BQH G/T table
73, Hartmut, DG7YBN

